Senior Investments: What Are the Best Retirement Investments?

Investments specifically for payout in retirement

1. Social Security

The Social Security program is funded through payroll taxes collected by employees and companies. Americans who have been contributing through payroll can start receiving payouts as early as age 62. However, it is highly recommended to wait to receive Social Security payouts as you’ll greatly increase your monthly allowance.

  • If you work until age 66 or older, you will increase your monthly benefits by 33 percent or more.
  • Age 70 is when Social Security has reached maximum value, so many seniors are working longer and waiting to claim benefits at this age.

2. 401(k)

A 401(k) is a retirement plan sponsored by an employer. It lets workers save and invest a piece of their paycheck before taxes are taken out. Taxes are not paid until the money is withdrawn from the account.

3. Roth IRA

A Roth IRA is a special retirement account where you pay taxes on money going into your account and then all future withdrawals are tax free.

  • You are single and your MAGI is between $118,000 and $133,000.
  • You are married filing jointly and your MAGI is between $183,000 and $193,000.
  • You can’t contribute to a Roth IRA at all if your income is above those levels.

4. Traditional IRA

A traditional IRA is a way to get tax advantages while saving for retirement. Contributions you make to a traditional IRA may be fully or partially deductible, depending on your financial circumstances. Generally, amounts in your traditional IRA, including earnings and gains, are not taxed until distributed.

  • Deductible — A deductible IRA can lower your tax bill by allowing you to deduct your contributions on your tax return. Essentially, you get a refund on the taxes you paid earlier in the year.
  • Nondeductible — You cannot deduct contributions on your tax return with a nondeductible IRA.

5. Annuities

Annuities are simple, long-term investment products. In their most basic form, you give an insurance company an amount of money, called a premium, either in a lump sum or periodic payments. In return, you may elect to receive a steady stream of payments over time.

6. Bonds

A bond is a debt investment in which an investor loans money to an entity, typically corporate or governmental, which borrows the funds for a defined period of time at a variable or fixed interest rate.

  • Corporate bonds are issued by companies.
  • Municipal bonds are issued by states and municipalities. Municipal bonds can offer tax-free coupon income for residents of those municipalities.
  • U.S. Treasury bonds (more than 10 years to maturity), notes (1–10 years maturity) and bills (less than one year to maturity) are collectively referred to as simply “Treasuries.”

7. Stocks

Also referred to as “shares” or “equity,” stock is a type of security that signifies ownership in a corporation and represents a claim on part of the corporation’s assets and earnings.

  • Common stock usually entitles the owner to vote at shareholders’ meetings and to receive dividends.
  • Preferred stock generally does not have voting rights, but has a higher claim on assets and earnings than the common shares.

General wealth building investments

Having a well-balanced portfolio is important in retirement. You and your partner should consider these wealth building investments in addition to your investments that are payable during retirement.

1. Personal Savings

Setting up a personal savings account and setting aside money each paycheck through direct deposit is a great way to accumulate funds for investing. Saving becomes a habit, a way of life after a while that pays off ten-fold over time, if done right.

2. Real Estate

There is a lot of potential to make money in real estate investing, however there is also risk, depending on the market. Make sure to research the market to determine whether your real estate investment makes sense.

  • Family Home — The family home is an investment that often pays for a lot of retirement. If planned well, you’re getting close to paying off your principal balance on your house or have already done so as you reach retirement. The equity you receive as your house gains value over the years can be a great nest egg if you decide it makes sense to downsize or if you decide to move into a retirement or senior living community.
  • Basic Rental Property — Savvy real estate investors find a rental property or properties if the market is right for buying at an affordable rate and then renting for profit as the value increases over time. Timing is key with rental properties as you should aim to plan the rental property purchase during a buyer’s market when the price is right and you’re not going to lose value. You need to make sure the location is one that ensures there is demand for a tenant as you can quickly lose money if the property/properties is vacant for months at a time.
  • Real Estate Property Trading — Property trading, also knows as a like-kind exchange or a Section 1031 exchange, allows real estate investors to defer capital gains or losses when they buy or sell a property. This kind of exchange keeps the taxman out of the deal until later, when the property is sold. Basically, the like-kind exchange encourages investors to rebalance real estate portfolios, which unlike individual stocks and bonds, can make up a significant portion of a portfolio’s value.
  • Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) — A REIT is a company that owns or finances income-producing real estate. REITs are modeled after mutual funds and provide investors regular income streams, diversification and long-term capital appreciation. Typically, REITs pay out all of their taxable income as dividends to shareholders and, in turn, shareholders pay the income taxes on those dividends.

Senior Investment Planning

In order to be prepared for retirement, it’s important to educate yourself and plan investments while there’s still time for them to make money for you. Ideally, you’ll plan investments in your 20s, but having a balanced portfolio means you can invest at any point in your career. Choosing the right investments for your unique situation can help you get the return you desire. A senior financial advisor or planner can help you determine what investments make sense for you and your family.

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Senior Finance Advisor

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